This Is Civil Engineering - Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport terminal

This Is Civil Engineering - Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport terminal

Among the world’s many iconic airports, Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas Airport terminal stands proud for both its design and size. It is located on the north-east of Madrid, Barajas district, only 12km from Madrid city centre. 

With a surface area of 1.2-million m2, the terminal at Barajas was widely considered to be the largest construction project in the world, as well as the largest single structure ever built. Adolfo Suárez Madrid-Barajas is the biggest airport in Spain and occupies 5th place among European airports based on the Eurostat agency data since 2014, and 15th globally.

The design is ‘bamboo’ modular, with each module separated by long, rectangular open spaces, known as ‘canyons’, ensuring that natural daylight pours deep into the heart of the building. To further brighten up the terminal, there is also an abundance of plant life throughout. These large inner courtyards allow the building to breathe and follow a clear environmental strategy — natural lighting and good air quality in pleasant surroundings. The same form is applied to the satellite, which is composed of two linear blocks, one for passport control and the other containing the gates.


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